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14.9: Review Questions

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    1. ________ dictate the terms and conditions state governments would have to meet in order to qualify for financial assistance in a specific policy area.
      1. Categorical grants
      2. Block grants
      3. Unfunded mandates
      4. Crossover sanctions


    1. The Tenth Amendment created a class of powers exclusive to state governments. These powers are referred to as ________.
      1. enumerated powers
      2. implied powers
      3. reserved powers
      4. none of the above
    2. Dillon’s Rule gives local governments the freedom and flexibility to make decisions for themselves.
      1. True
      2. False


    1. Under the Articles of Confederation, the federal government was quite weak relative to the states. What changes were made to strengthen the role of the federal government under the U.S. Constitution?
    2. In a ________ political culture, the government is seen as a mechanism for maintaining the existing social order or status quo.
      1. moralistic
      2. individualistic
      3. traditionalistic
      4. nativistic


    1. Under a ________ political culture, citizens will tend to be more tolerant of corruption from their political leaders and less likely to see politics as a noble profession in which all citizens should engage.
      1. moralistic
      2. individualistic
      3. traditionalistic
      4. nativistic
    2. ________ was the first state to institute all mail-in voting and automatic voter registration.
      1. California
      2. Oregon
      3. Washington
      4. New York


    1. ________ are a officeholders who represent the will of those who elected them and act in constituents’ expressed interest.
      1. delegates
      2. trustees
      3. politicos
      4. citizens
    2. In a ________ legislature, members tend to have low salaries, shorter sessions, and few staff members to assist them with their legislative functions.
      1. professional
      2. citizen
      3. hybrid
      4. unicameral


    1. A(n) ________ veto allows the governor to cross out budget lines in the legislature-approved budget, while signing the remainder of the budget into law.
      1. amendatory
      2. line-item
      3. reduction
      4. Frankenstein
    2. Which branch would you consider to be closest to the people? Why?

    The state legislature, particularly the state house, where members represent fewer people per district. Constituency service is part of the job of a state representative or senator, and house members’ need to be frequently reelected means they will have to pay attention to the electorate.

    1. Under consecutive term limits, legislators can serve one time for the number of years allotted and are not permitted to ever compete for the office again.
      1. True
      2. False
    2. The most common term limit across the states that have imposed them is ________ years.
      1. four
      2. six
      3. eight
      4. twelve


    1. When term limits have been overturned, the most common method was ________.
      1. a bill passed by the state legislature
      2. a decision by the state Supreme Court
      3. a voter referendum
      4. a governor’s decree
    2. Term limits have produced a statistically significant increase in the number of women serving in state legislatures.
      1. True
      2. False


    1. Currently, ________ states have term limits in place.
      1. five
      2. ten
      3. fifteen
      4. twenty
    2. Under the mayor-council system, the ________.
      1. legislative and executive responsibilities are separated
      2. political and administrative functions are separated
      3. mayor chairs the city council
      4. city council selects the mayor


    1. Which of the following is not one of the three forms of county government?
      1. the commission system
      2. the council-elected executive system
      3. the mayor-council system
      4. the council-administrator system
    2. What are the primary responsibilities of municipal governments?

    Municipal governments are responsible for providing clean water as well as sewage and garbage disposal. They maintain city facilities, such as parks, streetlights, and stadiums. In addition, they address zoning and building regulations, promote economic development, and provide law enforcement, public transportation, and fire protection.

    14.9: Review Questions is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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