7.9: Psychosocial Development in Emerging and Early Adulthood
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- Describe the relationship between infant and adult temperament
- Explain personality in early adulthood
- Explain the five factor model of personality
- Describe adult attachment styles
- Explain adult gender identity
- Describe gender roles
Temperament and Personality in Adulthood
Table 7.3 Descriptions of the Big Five Personality Traits
|Examples of behaviors predicted by the trait
|Openness to experience
| A general appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, imagination, curiosity, and variety of experience
|Individuals who are highly open to experience and tend to have distinctive and unconventional decorations in their home. They are also likely to have books on a wide variety of topics, a diverse music collection, and works of art on display.
|A tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement
|Individuals who are conscientious have a preference for planned rather than spontaneous behavior.
|The tendency to experience positive emotions and to seek out stimulation and the company of others
|Extroverts enjoy being with people. In groups, they like to talk, assert themselves, and draw attention to themselves.
|A tendency to be compassionate and cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic toward others; reflects individual differences in general concern for social harmony
|Agreeable individuals value getting along with others. They are generally considerate, friendly, generous, helpful, and willing to compromise their interest with those of others.
|The tendency to experience negative emotions, such as anger, anxiety, or depression; sometimes called "emotional instability".
|Those who score high in neuroticism are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening and minor frustrations and hopelessly difficult. They may have trouble thinking clearly, making decisions, and coping effectively with stress.