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9: Students with Physical or Health Disabilities
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- 9.1: Definitions or Physical and Health Disabilities
- Students with physical or health disabilities include those with orthopedic impairments, other health impairments, and traumatic brain injury under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
- 9.2: The History of Physical and Health Disabilities
- Each physical and health disability category has a unique history. However, it was not until the 19th century that physicians began to understand the underlying causes of disorders such as cerebral palsy and epilepsy and the impact of viruses such as polio that resulted in physical and health disabilities.
- 9.3: University of Illinois Alumni Spotlight
- “If you think the UI’s admissions standards are tough now, imagine having to endure what future famed Springfield attorney Saul Morse did in the late 1960s.
- 9.4: Causes and Characteristics of Physical and Health Disabilities
- Physical and health disabilities have many different causes and characteristics. Students with OIs often experience motor movement deficits that stem from damage to the central nervous system or loss of a limb.
- 9.5: Prevalence or Physical and Health Disabilities
- Among students receiving special education services, 15% are identified as having an OHI (National Center for Education Statistics, 2022).
- 9.6: Identifying Students with Physical or Health Disabilities
- Most students with OIs or OHIs are identified by physicians before or after birth.
- 9.7: Chapter Questions and References