|How is the social structure of a local “slum” organized?
||Over 3 years of participation and observations among an Italian community in Boston’s North End
||Whyte (1942)William Foote Whyte is considered by many to be the pioneer of the use of participant observation methods in sociological studies. Whyte, W. F. (1942). Street corner society: The social structure of an Italian slum. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
|How do the urban poor live?
||Twenty months of participation and observations among an African American community in Washington, DC
||Liebow (1967)Liebow, E. (1967). Tally’s corner: A study of Negro streetcorner men. Boston, MA: Little, Brown.
|Why and how do workers consent to their own exploitation?
||Ten months of participation as a machine operator in a Chicago factory along with observations of workers in the factory
||Burawoy (1979)Burawoy, M. (1979). Manufacturing consent: Changes in the labor process under monopoly capitalism. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
|How is erotic labor organized in two different countries, and what are sex workers’ experiences in each?
||Brief participation in sex transactions in the Netherlands and California along with observations of and interviews with sex workers in both locations
||Chapkis (1997)Chapkis, W. (1997). Live sex acts: Women performing erotic labor. New York, NY: Routledge.
|How does childrearing differ across social classes?
||Approximately one month each participating and observing in the homes and lives of 12 different families
||Lareau (2003)Lareau, A. (2003). Unequal childhoods: Class, race, and family life. Berkeley: University of California Press.
|How is masculinity constructed by and among high school students, and what does this mean for our understandings of gender and sexuality?
||Eighteen months of observations and interviews in a racially diverse working-class high school
||Pascoe (2007)Pascoe, C. J. (2007). Dude, you’re a fag: Masculinity and sexuality in high school. Berkeley: University of California Press.
|How do sports play a role in shaping gender, class, family, and community?
||Participation as a youth soccer volunteer along with observations and interviews
||Messner (2009)Messner, M. (2009). It’s all for the kids: Gender, families, and youth sports. Berkeley: University of California Press.