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4.10: Review Questions

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    1 .
    What is the difference between civil liberties and civil rights?
    1. Civil liberties issues limit everyone, while civil rights issues apply to certain arbitrary groups.
    2. Civil liberties are guarantees of freedom from government interference, while civil rights are government guarantees of equal treatment.
    3. The two terms are interchangeable.
    4. Both A and B are correct.
    2 .
    What is a community?
    1. A group of people with shared interests and values
    2. A group of people who live in the same place
    3. A group of people who belong in the same place
    4. A formally recognized group of people
    3 .
    What are community responsibilities?
    1. The government’s responsibility not to interfere with any group
    2. Community members’ responsibility to help each other in times of crisis
    3. An individual’s responsibility to the community in order to remain a member of that community
    4. An individual’s responsibility to form a community
    4 .
    How are community responsibilities carried out?
    1. Actors, including governments, cooperate with and respect others and participate in the community.
    2. Individuals act as they want and do not consider the impact of their actions on others.
    3. In each nation-state, everyone votes on all rules and restrictions on conduct.
    4. In each nation-state, an elite group decides what rules to create and enforce on everyone else.
    5 .
    In political science, what are negative rights?
    1. Rights in a constitution that are written to emphasize limitations on government
    2. Rights in a constitution that are expressed in terms of the government’s obligation to guarantee the people’s rights
    3. Rights in a constitution that are written to emphasize the people’s responsibilities to the government
    4. Rights in a constitution that are expressed in terms of how the government may restrict certain liberties to punish individuals
    6 .
    What is the major characteristic of an individualist system of government with regard to civil liberties?
    1. An emphasis on the importance of individuals over the importance of the community, except with respect to the government
    2. An emphasis on the importance of individuals over the importance of the community, including the government
    3. A nationalist feeling that emphasizes the uniqueness of a country and its people
    4. A system based on clan or tribal allegiances
    7 .
    What does a communitarian system emphasize with regard to civil liberties?
    1. Community decision-making as a form of government
    2. The good of the community as defined by the government
    3. The importance of individual desires over the good of the community
    4. The importance of civil liberties over civil rights
    8 .
    What is constitutionalism?
    1. A system that balances the freedom of the individual with limited government under the rule of law
    2. A system in which the constitution is considered sacrosanct and cannot be amended or interpreted
    3. A system in which the government cannot limit the freedom of the individual to challenge the constitution
    4. A system that prioritizes the survival of the fittest
    9 .
    What is due process?
    1. A legal requirement that the government respect the rights of the people
    2. A standard that gives precedence to government power over individual rights
    3. A standard that subjugates government power to individual rights
    4. A legal requirement that a rule-by-law government cannot violate the law
    10 .
    __________ is considered the most fundamental civil liberty.
    1. The right to marry
    2. The right to vote
    3. The right to privacy
    4. The right to free exercise of religion
    11 .
    Governments that protect the free expression of ideas __________.
    1. cannot restrict any expression
    2. have never protected certain types of expression
    3. can restrict expression by groups but not individuals
    4. can restrict every expression
    12 .
    A hypothetical government protects the free expression of ideas but restricts the expression of ideas deemed harmful to the community. This is an example of __________.
    1. due process
    2. the rights of the accused
    3. authoritarianism
    4. the paradox of tolerance
    13 .
    Some countries have laws that restrict access to private property, including natural areas such as beaches. These laws place limits on which civil liberty?
    1. Freedom of movement
    2. Freedom of expression
    3. Due process
    4. Right to privacy
    14 .
    Passport requirements and immigration controls have been used to target certain racial and ethnic groups. This is an example of __________.
    1. both a civil liberties issue and a civil rights issue
    2. the paradox of tolerance
    3. constitutionalism
    4. negative rights
    15 .
    The right to remain silent and the right to legal counsel are common examples of __________.
    1. the paradox of tolerance
    2. the Bill of Rights
    3. the rights of the accused
    4. privacy rights
    16 .
    Much of the litigation surrounding issues of search and seizure concerns __________.
    1. the value of seized goods
    2. the degree to which the search and seizure is reasonable
    3. privacy rights
    4. the right to legal counsel
    17 .
    The writ of habeas corpus is __________.
    1. recognized throughout the world
    2. freedom from warrantless search
    3. a prisoner’s right to be informed of why they are being held
    4. the right of the accused to be warned that anything they say may be used against them in court
    18 .
    Worsening climate change has contributed to __________.
    1. increased individualism
    2. religious persecution
    3. tightening restrictions on freedom of expression
    4. global refugee crises
    19 .
    Climate change threatens __________.
    1. the rights of the accused
    2. freedom of movement
    3. freedom of expression
    4. the rule of law

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