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9: Early Hominins

  • Page ID
    189116
    • Kerryn Warren, Lindsay Hunter, Navashni Naidoo, & Silindokuhle Mavuso

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    Learning Objectives

    • Understand what is meant by “derived” and “ancestral” traits and why this is relevant for understanding early hominin evolution.
    • Understand changing paleoclimates and paleoenvironments as potential factors influencing early hominin adaptations.
    • Describe the anatomical changes associated with bipedalism and dentition in early hominins, as well as their implications..
    • Describe early hominin genera and species, including their currently understood dates and geographic expanses.
    • Describe the earliest stone tool techno-complexes and their impact on the transition from early hominins to our genus.

    Thumbnail: An artistic reconstruction of Australopithecus africanus by John Gurche. Credit: Australopithecus africanus. Reconstruction based on STS 5 by John Gurche by the Smithsonian [exhibit: “Reconstructed Faces: What Does It Mean to Be Human?] is copyrighted and used for educational and noncommercial purposes as outlined by the Smithsonian.

    This chapter is a revision from Chapter 9: Early Hominins by Kerryn Warren, K. Lindsay Hunter, Navashni Naidoo, Silindokuhle Mavuso, Kimberleigh Tommy, Rosa Moll, and Nomawethu Hlazo . In Explorations: An Open Invitation to Biological Anthropology, first edition , edited by Beth Shook, Katie Nelson, Kelsie Aguilera, and Lara Braff, which is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0 .


    This page titled 9: Early Hominins is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Kerryn Warren, Lindsay Hunter, Navashni Naidoo, Silindokuhle Mavuso, & Silindokuhle Mavuso (Society for Anthropology in Community Colleges) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.