3-step interview– Members of a group choose one partner from the group. The individuals interview their partners by asking questions. Then, they reverse roles and share their responses with the rest of the group.
3-review– The instructor gives the teams 3 minutes to review/clarify what has been said.
Numbered Heads– Group members are assigned a number. The group discusses as one, and then the instructor calls one number. The person with that number answers for the group.
Team-pair-solo– Students do the problem(s) first as a team, then in a pair, and finally, solo.
Circle the sage– The instructor polls the students looking for special knowledge on a certain topic. Those with the knowledge spread out around the room. (They are the sages.) The other students (no two from the same team) circle the sage, take notes on the information they are presenting, and question them. Then, the group reforms and each explains what they have learned. If there is a disagreement, it is aired as a group with the whole class, and it is resolved there.
Structured problem solving– Groups are given a problem to solve within a specified time. All members must agree and all must be able to explain the solution.
Send-a-problem– Several groups generate solutions to problems. The problem is clipped to the outside of a folder, and all solutions from that group are written down and placed inside the folder. The folder is passed to a different group who reads the problem, but not the solutions. They write their solutions and put them inside the folder. A third group selects the two best solutions and amends them as necessary.
Drill review pairs– Groups of four split into pairs. The pairs are given two problems. One member is the explainer and one is the accuracy checker. After one problem is complete, they switch roles. When both problems are complete, the group of four reforms. If they are in agreement to the solution, they repeat the process with more problems. If there is disagreement, the problem is reviewed and a consensus is reached.