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10: Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
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- 10.1: Definitions of ASD
- The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 2004 provides the following definition of autism but does not currently define ASD. Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
- 10.2: The History of ASD
- In 1980, the APA officially acknowledged autism as a disorder. In 1990, the IDEA included autism as a disability category.
- 10.3: Prevalence of ASD
- Among students receiving special education services, 12% are identified as having autism (National Center for Education Statistics [NCES], 2022).
- 10.4: Causes of ASD
- The cause of ASD is unknown. However, evidence supports that there may be both genetic and environmental causes.
- 10.5: Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Students with ASD exhibit a wide range of characteristics. However, students with ASD often exhibit problems with social communication and interaction and exhibit restricted or repetitive behaviors.
- 10.6: University of Illinois Alumni Spotlight
- “Mary Temple Grandin graduated with a Ph.D. from the College of Agricultural, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign in 1989.
- 10.7: Identifying Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Diagnosing ASD can be difficult because there are no medical tests (e.g., blood tests) that are used to diagnose the disorder. A medical professional examines a child’s developmental history and behavior to make a diagnosis.
- 10.8: Chapter Questions and References