In the fields of history and political science, a revolution is a radical change in the established order, usually dealing with government and social institutions. Typically, revolutions are born when the social climate in a country changes and the political system does not react in kind. They are not unique to any particular century or country, but rather have erupted in different places and times throughout recorded history.
- 12.2: American Revolution (United States)
- The American Revolution (United States) was principally caused by colonial opposition to British attempts to impose greater control over the colonies and to make them repay the crown for its defense of them during the French and Indian War (1754–63).
- 12.3: The French Revolution
- Only eight years after the end of the American Revolution, an even more significant and bloody revolution would break out in France. By the time the dust had settled, the French Revolution and the successive events it gave birth to would bring about change to the rest of the European continent and beyond.
- 12.4: Latin America Revolutions
- The American and French Revolutions stirred independence movements in other parts of the world. A growing spirit of nationalism and the French ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity inspired many Latin Americans to rise up against their French, Spanish, and Portuguese masters. Though mostly successful, these movements would also bring an increase in poverty, and the dream of a united Latin America would quickly fall apart.
Thumbnail: Battle of Flamborough Head;. (Public Domain).