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11: Archaic Homo
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- Identify the main groupings of Archaic Homo sapiens, such as Neanderthals.
- Explain how shifting environmental conditions required flexibility of adaptations, both anatomically and behaviorally.
- Describe the unique anatomical and cultural characteristics of Archaic Homo sapiens, including Neanderthals, in contrast to other hominins.
- Articulate how Middle Pleistocene hominin fossils fit into evolutionary trends including cranial capacity (brain size) development, cultural innovations, and migration patterns.
- Identify the shared traits, regional variations, and local adaptations among Archaic Homo sapiens.
- Detail the increased complexity and debates surrounding the classification of hominins in light of transitional species, species admixture, etc.
- 11.1: Breaking the Stigma of the "Caveman"
- 11.2: The Changing Environment
- 11.3: Defining Characteristics of Archaic Homo Sapiens
- 11.4: Neanderthals
- 11.5: The Middle Stone Age - Neanderthal Contemporaries in Africa
- 11.6: Where Did They Go? The End of Neanderthals
- 11.7: Denisovans
- 11.8: Models of Modern Human Distribution
- 11.9: Conclusions
- 11.10: Review Questions
- 11.11: Key Terms
- 11.12: End of Chapter Content