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13: Race and Human Variation
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- Illustrate the troubling history of “race” concepts.
- Explain human variation and evolution as the thematic roots of biological anthropology as a discipline.
- Critique earlier “race” concepts based on a contemporary understanding of the apportionment of human genetic variation.
- Explain how biological variation in humans is distributed clinally and in accordance with both isolation-by-distance and Out-of-Africa models.
- Identify phenotypic traits that reflect selective and neutral evolution.
- Extend this more-nuanced view of human variation to today’s research, the implications for biomedical studies, applications in forensic anthropology, and other social/cultural/political concerns.
- 13.1: Human Variation
- 13.2: The History of "Race" Concepts
- 13.3: Human Variation in Biological Anthropology Today
- 13.4: Talking About Human Biological Variation Going Forward
- 13.5: Review Questions
- 13.6: Key Terms
- 13.7: End of Chapter Content