Appendix A - Osteology
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- Identify anatomical position and anatomical planes, and use directional terms to describe relative positions of bones and teeth.
- Describe the different regions of the human skeleton and identify (by name) all of the bones within them.
- Distinguish major bony features of the human skeleton like muscle attachment sites and passages for nerves and/or arteries and veins.
- Identify the bony features relevant to estimating age and sex in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts.
- A.1: Introduction to Osteology
- A.2: Anatomical Terminology
- A.3: Human Skeletal System
- A.4: Review Questions
- A.5: Key Terms
- A.6: End of Chapter Content
Thumbnail: The skull consists of the cranium and the mandible (jawbone). The cranium is further divided into the neurocranium and viscerocranium. Credit: Parts of the Skull (Anatomy & Physiology, Figure 7.3) by OpenStax has been modified (some labels modified or removed) and is under a CC BY 4.0 License. [Image Description]
This chapter is a revision from “Appendix A: Osteology” by Jason M. Organ and Jessica N. Byram. In Explorations: An Open Invitation to Biological Anthropology, first edition, edited by Beth Shook, Katie Nelson, Kelsie Aguilera, and Lara Braff, which is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0.