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Appendix A - Osteology

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    Learning Objectives

    • Identify anatomical position and anatomical planes, and use directional terms to describe relative positions of bones and teeth.
    • Describe the different regions of the human skeleton and identify (by name) all of the bones within them.
    • Distinguish major bony features of the human skeleton like muscle attachment sites and passages for nerves and/or arteries and veins.
    • Identify the bony features relevant to estimating age and sex in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts.

    Thumbnail: The skull consists of the cranium and the mandible (jawbone). The cranium is further divided into the neurocranium and viscerocranium. Credit: Parts of the Skull (Anatomy & Physiology, Figure 7.3) by OpenStax has been modified (some labels modified or removed) and is under a CC BY 4.0 License[Image Description]

    This chapter is a revision from “Appendix A: Osteology” by Jason M. Organ and Jessica N. Byram. In Explorations: An Open Invitation to Biological Anthropology, first edition, edited by Beth Shook, Katie Nelson, Kelsie Aguilera, and Lara Braff, which is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0.

    This page titled Appendix A - Osteology is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Jason M. Organ & Jessica N. Byram (Society for Anthropology in Community Colleges) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.